Ampicillin is a type of penicillin which works by interfering with the structure of the bacterial cell wall. Some of the brand names under which ampicillin is sold include Ampi, Penglobe, Principen and Omnipen.
The drug comes in various formulations including capsules, an oral suspension and a powder for reconstitution and injection. Ampicillin is used in the treatment of respiratory tract infections, dental infections, gonorrhea, bacterial meningitis and endocarditis.
The side effects commonly caused by ampicillin are skin rash, fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and urticaria. The drug causes anaphylactic reactions in people who are allergic to penicillin.
Though we mentioned that broad-spectrum antibiotics can be used to treat super-infections, these drugs can also cause this problem. The super-infection often follows resistance and it leads to a condition that is difficult to manage. This can be potentially fatal.